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17 Best JavaScript Frameworks For Robust Web Development

Posted by
Technostacks
Jul 20 2022

There are a number of the best JavaScript frameworks available for web developers with diverse pros and cons.

JavaScript Frameworks give JavaScript developers the basic foundation needed for developing JavaScript applications. This saves JavaScript developers the stress of beginning from scratch by using an operational base to get things going.

JavaScript is the most popular multi-paradigm language that encourages functional, event-driven, and robust (including object-oriented and prototype-based) programming styles.

JavaScript was used initially only for the client-side. However, nowadays, JavaScript is utilized as a server-side programming language as well. To sum up, in just a single sentence – JavaScript is the language of the web.

We will see here the guide to both back-end and front-end best JavaScript frameworks.

What Is a JavaScript Framework?

The collection of pre-written JS codes will help you perform common tasks faster, making JavaScript coding easier, especially for novice developers.

In JavaScript Frameworks, this base holds a collection of JavaScript code libraries. The libraries compile code that extracts particular functionality for the specific sort of app you may be working on.

In reality, the JavaScript framework will determine the structure of the complete application.

What Does a JavaScript Framework Do?

Every JavaScript framework assists a particular purpose. JavaScript is a durable option for web development, and several of its framework’s spin around this undertaking.

Building web apps and websites from origin to end can take quite a bit of work. Web frameworks – or JavaScript frameworks – profit because each website and web app has regular features.

In this method, you can study the term framework quite literally. Businesses also rely on JavaScript frameworks as a design for the overall assistance and shape of an outer framing. Software frameworks do the same.

JavaScript frameworks contribute pre-written JavaScript code that provides standard programming features, finally easing development.

Best Javascript Frameworks for 2022

We have listed the most popular frameworks you can use for your future projects below, along with their pros and cons for better understanding.

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Let us see the most used JavaScript Frameworks available in the market. This list of JavaScript frameworks is prepared by the research, forum analysis, and expert developer’s reviews.

  1. React JS
    React JS is an open-source and best JavaScript Framework generally used to create responsive and active user interfaces (UI). It is apprehended to be SEO-friendly and hence is favored by developers who build e-commerce websites.

    React.js development is most ideal when a superior performing enterprise app is required to be delivered to its user-base. User interfaces like Instagram and Facebook empower it.

    Key features
    ● Virtual Document Object Model (DOM)
    ● One-way data-binding only
    ● Made up of various elements that can be reused
    ● Cross-platform performance

    Pros
    ● very simple to learn and use
    ● It comes with a set of efficient tools
    ● Helps with performance enhancement
    ● Smaller in size
    ● Ability to test and debug quickly

    Cons
    ● Regular upgrades need developers to sustain recent learning changes
    ● It is not a comprehensive technology. It needs to be used with other F/Ms.

  2. Vue JS
    Vue JS is another one of the best JavaScript frameworks generally used in developing cross-platform apps and websites. It also supports the build of powerful Single Page Applications (SPAs).

    Vue.js offers a simple and swift fix for apps, user interface, and engaging web-based interface development. It can empower modern-day single-page web-based apps.

    Key features
    ● Cost-effective virtual DOM view option
    ● It comes with a built-in component that helps with CSS transitions and animations
    ● Precise two-way data binding preferences
    ● Easy to understand and learn

    Pros
    ● Simple to integrate
    ● Small in size
    ● Offers two-way communication
    ● Flexible framework

    Cons
    ● Lack of essential plugins
    ● Not suitable for extensive scaling
    ● Has language barriers
    ● Too flexible for good

  3. Angular
    It is one of the most powerful and best JS Frameworks in 2022. Here are the top characteristics of Angular.
    It enables transmission of all the contents right from the server to the precise browser and helps in arranging all the created web pages concurrently.

    Angular has a precise NativeScript for native applications while facilitating an Ionic framework for hybrid-based apps. AngularJS is a cross-platform framework. The code of the framework is entirely clean, easy to comprehend and comprises very less frequency of errors through its precise controller and data rendering technique.

    Key features
    ● Ability to offer high-performance, progressive web-pages
    ● Can work across multiple operating systems
    ● It provides an instinctive and progressive API
    ● Aptitude to get smart code at the ends
    ● Provides immediate error discovery and feedback selections

    Pros
    ● Flawless synchronization amid view and model
    ● Alterations are promptly showcased right in the view
    ● Capability to isolate out the view and data sets

    Cons
    ● More complex F/M to learn
    ● The developer needs to learn MVC
    ● Heavier framework

  4. Ember JS
    Ember JS is another commonly used JavaScript framework for front-end that helps create scalable SPAs (Single Page Applications). Ember can be used to develop frameworks for the web, mobile, and desktop versions.

    Ember has a precise widget-based style, known as Ember components. It possesses the handlebars layout and its architecture enables developers to own the application-based HTML tags.

    Key features
    ● Large teams can easily use it
    ● It comes with computed properties
    ● It has larger than 1500 add-ons that only have to grow with time
    ● Reusable and easy to maintain too

    Pros
    ● Seamless URL support
    ● Offers client-rendering services
    ● Well-blended data layers
    ● Minimizes DOM

    Cons
    ● Slightly more complicated to learn
    ● Very opinionated
    ● Not very fast and efficient

  5. Node.js
    Released in 2009, Node.js, among the most popular javascript frameworks, is an open-source runtime framework designed to run JavaScript browser-free and is distinct from other front-end-focused frameworks listed.

    It is intended to create network-based applications on a large scale; to achieve this; Node is optimized for efficient management of resources. It is also compatible with other libraries, frameworks.

    Key Features
    ● All APIs in the Node.js library work asynchronously, which means they are non-blocking. After calling an API, the server will move to the next one. An Event notification mechanism of Node.js allows the server to receive a response from the previous API call.
    ● Node.js library, built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript Engine, is extremely fast in code execution.
    ● Node.js has a single-threaded model that uses event looping. The server responds in a non-blocking manner using the event mechanism. This contrasts with traditional servers with limited threads for handling requests.
    ● Node.js apps never buffer data. These applications output data in chunks.

    Pros
    ● Easy to use and easily integrated with other applications.
    ● Capability to increase the scale by the requirements
    ● Non-blocking and non-blocking thread execution
    ● Support for handling a variety of concurrent connections
    ● Rapid processing and an event-based model

    Cons
    ● Performance is a concern when you use a lot of computation.
    ● A decrepit tooling system is a significant issue
    ● Call-backs are a constant necessity that can affect the quality of code
    ● Library support is not as strong.
    ● This API is susceptible to several changes due to the unstable API

  6. Svelte JS
    Svelte JS was released in 2016 and is a free front-end JS Framework. You can create elements using Svelte JS in languages you are satisfied with (JavaScript, HTML, or CSS). There is a significant difference between those frameworks. Svelte doesn’t use Virtual DOM like React and Vue.

    It runs at build time and converts your components into code that runs in the browsers, whereas others do the operations in the browser itself.

    Key features
    ● No virtual DOM
    ● This converts codes into Vanilla JavaScript
    ● Very reactive

    Pros
    ● Lightweight and easy to implement
    ● Lesser boilerplate
    ● Very easy to learn
    ● It comes with a built-in reactive store

    Cons
    ● Not an extremely recognized framework
    ● There is continuous requirement to explore and update
    ● Not many such tools in the market
    ● Smaller-sized community and ecosystem

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  8. Preact
    Preact JS is among the smallest, fastest and most efficient JavaScript libraries that can serve as an excellent replacement for React. Preact is a streamlined version of React that has a built size, but it covers all the essential features of the modern javascript frameworks.

    Many developers utilize React to develop and then change to Preact when they are in production. With its strong community support, speedy performance, and clean code Preact JS has made a name for itself within the community.

    Most UI frameworks are big enough to make up the bulk of an application’s JavaScript size. Preact is different. It’s small enough to ensure that the application’s code is the most significant component of your app.

    Key Features
    ● It’s among the fastest Virtual DOM libraries out there due to its simple and consistent diff implementation. These allow you to share reusable objects, including buttons, to data providers.
    ● Preact’s design lets you effortlessly use the hundreds of components available within the React ecosystem.
    ● Preact can be automatically updated in batches and tuned to its maximum performance.

    Pros
    ● Extraordinarily light and quick framework
    ● The efficiency is superior to React
    ● High-end compatibility
    ● A powerful command-line interface
    ● The presence of a link-state module

    Cons
    ● A tiny community of programmers, compared to React
    ● Only allows stateless components
    ● It doesn’t have propTypes support, which is a crucial characteristic of React
    ● Possibility of Typescript Conflicts
    ● A large and complex codebase

  9. BackBoneJS
    Backbone.js enables developers to build one-page applications and front-end much simpler utilizing effective JavaScript functions. It offers diverse sets of building blocks for accumulating client-side web-based applications. These blocks mainly consist of explicit events, precise views,models, and routers.

    Key features
    ● Open-source library comprising 100+useful extensions
    ● It turns the coding straightforward and highly organized
    ● Enable client-side web and mobile apps with precise formats

    Pros
    ● Enables own development and architecture decision-makings
    ● Mix and match elements best for your application requirements
    ● Possess immense community and massive ecosystem for support

    Cons
    ● Poor levels of user experience for big-sized data structures
    ● Backing diverse URI scheme can be tough to deal
    ● The lack of a precise and explicit controller building block

  10. Polymer
    Another on our list of best javascript frameworks is Polymer. Created through Google, Polymer is an open-source JavaScript library that lets developers build beautiful web pages and apps. This Front-end Framework allows one-way and two-way data binding; therefore, you can build an all-inclusive application.

    In addition, Google has designed Polymer to utilize existing web components to create any kind of web-based application, making this one of the USPs of this library.

    Key Features
    ● Form inputs are a great place to use custom elements.
    ● A lightweight library designed to allow you to take full advantage of Web Components.
    ● You can import components and use them without the need to build.
    ● Polymer lets you declare properties and integrate your element’s property API with the Polymer database system.
    ● Polymer offers a declarative syntax to attach event listeners and shadow DOM children to events.

    Pros
    ● It lets you create your components
    ● Allows you to create premium UX
    ● No chance of garbage CSS
    ● Support for one-way and two-way data binding
    ● Responsive design using app layout components

    Cons
    ● The component must be designed for each browser.
    ● Poor performance on mobile devices
    ● Inadequate or unclear error reporting
    ● Many issues are connected to dependencies on libraries.

  11. Next JS
    Next, JS is another commonly used JavaScript framework for the front-end that Vercel builds. It allows developers to create both static and dynamic JAMstack websites and is used by multinationals worldwide.

    Based on React, this JavaScript framework helps in achieving comprehensive server-side rendering. It’s designed with the aim of ‘develop once, run everywhere and provides static generations as well, making mobile and web app development more accessible.

    Key features
    ● Automatic routing
    ● Server rendering
    ● It responds well with other ecosystems, including React framework and Angular
    ● Automatically prefetches pages

    Pros
    ● Adaptable and responsive JS
    ● Helps meet sales and traffic goals
    ● Offers unique user experience
    ● Has built-in CSS support
    ● Needs minimal or no initial configuration

    Cons
    ● It becomes expensive to customize
    ● Minimal number of plugins only
    ● It needs time to build and manage the framework

  12. Aurelia
    Aurelia, a front-end JavaScript framework, is designed to build a browser, desktop, and mobile applications. It is intended to be compatible with the web platform specifications and use convention over configuration.

    Aurelia is not a single, monolithic framework. Instead, it is broken down into feature-oriented modules. Each module is written in ECMAScript or TypeScript. These modules can be used in their JavaScript projects, such as Node.js.

    Key Features
    ● Aurelia allows you to create engaging, rich experiences for customers that exceed native application standards.
    ● Allows you to create custom HTML elements and add custom attributes to existing HTML elements.
    ● Multi-tool support, set of plugins, and dynamic UI composition.
    ● Components are highly adaptable and can easily adjust or drop out to fit your requirements.

    Pros
    ● Constructive conventions make it simple
    ● Modern architecture
    ● It makes sense, and it is mainly javascript, not a framework
    ● It is possible to extend
    ● It integrates well with other components
    ● It is simple to use
    ● Dependency Injection

    Cons
    ● Aurelia focused on web standards without unnecessary abstractions.
    ● Aurelia is extensible.

  13. Express JS
    Express JS is an application framework that is used for Node JS. It is a ready-to-use resolution for creating web apps and pages very speedily.
    One of the key benefits of using the Express JS framework is fast server-side coding. Your developers can complete complex tasks in just a few minutes. It also takes care of dynamic URLS with its active routing mechanism.

    Key features
    ● Supports JavaScript and offers simple client routing requests
    ● Works as a middleware

    Pros
    ● It helps reduce web app building time by half
    ● Even beginners can use it
    ● Very easy to learn and implement
    ● Lightweight

    Cons
    ● Unable to manage heavyweight computational jobs
    ● It possesses an unbalanced API
    ● Generates the requirement for numerous code alterations

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  15. Meteor.JS
    MeteorJS is useful in developing applications through a do-it-all framework. It assists in creating production web and mobile applications and is utilized by leading organizations like Ikea and Workpop.

    It is a highly effective tool for a beginner exploring the wide scope of application development and helps in the procedure of developing a straightforward app.

    Key features
    ● Provides a full-stack solution for building and deploying web-based applications
    ● Enables developing dynamic and real-time applications from beginning
    ● Use same code for web as well as mobile-based applications in diverse projects

    Pros
    ● Large community offers the framework superior flexibility and endurance
    ● Cross-platform and enable app implementations in one single place
    ● The precise direction of its development meticulously follows its user-base

    Cons
    ● If programmers put added dependence on pre-built packages – they struggle
    ● If you are merely making a webapp, it might be easier to utilize Express
    ● Difficult to develop a mobile web-app operate as proficient as with native

  16. Gatsby JS
    Gatsby JS is an open-source front-end framework perfect for creating dynamic and exact websites that function seamlessly. Through Gatsby, its user-base can receive information and insights from any of the data set sources.

    Rather of being an SSR, this particular framework communicates content on the client-side right in the build time. This assists in delivering matchless security and SEO results on a long-term basis.

    Key features
    ● Competence to syndicate data from several sources
    ● Capability to write in JavaScript or SCSS or LESS
    ● Works seamlessly with various Content Delivery Networks (CDN)

    Pros
    ● Easy and cost-effective scalability
    ● non-existent attack surface
    ● Very accessible

    Cons
    ● The constant need to update content
    ● It can be expensive to implement and manage

  17. Mithril
    Mithril can be described as a client-side framework for javascript utilized for the majority of development Single Page Applications. Many other top javascript frameworks are well-known and have tremendous community support, like React, Vue, and Angular. So why should you select Mithril over the other javascript web frameworks?

    Mithril includes every feature other frameworks offer, such as DOM Elements Components, Routing and the XHR.

    The XHR is simply a method to connect with the server. Communication is the key to moving forward. Mithril.js is utilized by major companies such as Vimeo and Nike and open-source platforms such as Lichess.

    Key Features
    ● It is effortless to use, but it has lots of documentation.
    ● It’s tiny, quick and comes with routing and XHR tools.
    ● Mithril is a simple but powerful tool for managing data. It combines the simplicity of tools like HAML/Jade and the expressive power of JavaScript.
    ● Mithril’s goal is to help developers become better by making good practices simple and bad practices difficult.

    Pros
    ● Lightweight
    ● Performance excellence
    ● Good templating engine
    ● It is easy to learn

    Cons
    ● In general, other frameworks offer more features
    ● It is not a widely used framework

  18. Nuxt JS
    Nuxt is a front-end FM that is developed using Vue JS. Though recently, several websites and trademarks are proactively adopting this to make their website application.

    Grounded on Vue, Nuxt JS presents itself amongst the topmost open-source backend JavaScript frameworks with the capability to build superior functionality-packed web applications. It crafts an advanced development environment and is called a Vue-based enhancer.

    Key features
    ● Offers exceptional SEO improvements
    ● Created using a robust modular architecture. There are longer than 50 modules to pick from
    ● Server-side rendered
    ● Supports static website generation

    Pros
    ● Capability to create customized social sharing windows for users
    ● Can create universal apps
    ● Automatic code splitting

    Cons
    ● Most common plugins are not available
    ● Cannot effectively handle high traffic
    ● It does not work particularly well with other custom libraries

  19. Jest
    Another on our list of top javascript frameworks is Jest, among developers’ most well-known JavaScript back-end frameworks to test web applications.

    Created in collaboration with Facebook, Jest has gained popularity with developers over a short time. The main reason for this is the simplicity Jest provides. It’s simple to comprehend, and developers can quickly begin using it after a brief introduction to the program.

    Furthermore, Jest’s simplicity is most well-known for its ease of use, making it an exceptional tool for testing and building diverse JavaScript library projects like Angular JS, Node JS, Vue JS, Babel and Typescript.

    Key Features
    ● You can begin writing tests immediately with the jest package, which comprises several modules.
    ● It also offers cross-browser compatibility to help you test your software.
    ● Jest Framework is extremely fast. If your system performs well, it executes your test cases quickly and efficiently.
    ● Every jest test runs within its sandbox. This ensures that there are no interfering tests or that the execution of other tests is not affected.
    ● You can use it for snapshot testing, which is very useful. You can capture the string representing your provided or given component and save it to a file.

    Pros:
    ● Officially supported by React developer community
    ● Support for asynchronous testing of code
    ● Support for testing visual regressions
    ● The minimum setup and configuration requirements are minimal.
    ● Well-maintained and well documented

    Cons:
    ● Slow performance because of auto-mocking
    ● Need to utilize jasmine for efficient execution
    ● Snapshot testing is not practical.
    ● The absence of libraries and tools when compared with other testing frameworks
    ● An expensive Javascript framework

Frequently Asked Questions For Javascript frameworks

Q1: What is a JavaScript framework?
Answer: JavaScript is the most popular multi-paradigm language that encourages functional, event-driven, and robust (including object-oriented and prototype-based) programming styles.

Q2: Which frameworks use JavaScript?
Answer: Vue.js, angular.js, node.js, react.js, express.js, and many more framework uses JavaScript.

Q3: Which one is the best JavaScript framework?
Answer: No one FWK is acknowledged best for JavaScript. All come with their diverse pros and cons. React, Angular and Vue.js are some of the best javascript frameworks available for web development.

Q4: How many types of JavaScript frameworks are there?
Answer: There are at least 24 JavaScript frameworks such as Vue.js, angular.js, node.js, react.js, and many more.

Q5: What are the most popular JavaScript frameworks?
Answer: The most popular JavaScript frameworks are Vue.js, angular.js, react.js, Vue.js, Meteor.js, express.js, and many more.

Q6: Can you create web applications without using JavaScript frameworks?
Answer: Yes, it is entirely possible to write any web application without the JavaScript frameworks.

Q7: Which JavaScript framework can you choose for your project?
Answer: You must choose the right one before your team starts the development process. If you practice a chance FWK, possibilities are you will get lost halfway through and may want to start from scratch.

Q8: Which is the most accessible JavaScript framework to learn?
Answer: Vue.js is one of the most vital frameworks. This is because it is straightforward to learn and implement this with minimal effort. Vue has equal JavaScript and TypeScript support, making it an intelligent framework to work in.

Q9: Which JavaScript frameworks are the fastest?
Answer: Vue.js is acknowledged as one of the fastest JavaScript frameworks in the industry right now. React is also one of the quickest JavaScript frameworks chosen frequently for its speed in today’s market.

Q10: How to choose a JS framework?
Answer: Start by holding a brainstorming sitting and recognizing the requirements of your team. What sort of characteristics will you need, and how scalable should the work be?

Analyze the pros and cons and the features of each of the FMs as mentioned earlier and then choose one of them.

Q 11: What are the best frameworks for JavaScript beginners?
Answer: SPA-based FWK like Vue, Angular, and React are best for JavaScript beginners. These offer great value for the time spent learning them and can help developers find work quite quickly.

Q 12: What does a JavaScript framework do?
Answer: JavaScript frameworks provide pre-written JavaScript code that provides standard programming characteristics, eventually easing development.

Q 13: What is the difference between a JavaScript library and a JavaScript framework?
Answer: With JavaScript libraries, developers call a precise set of functions from the explicit parent code. However, they will not be able to call JavaScript frameworks. Rather, different frameworks call and use a piece of code in a planned move.

Q 14: Which are the recommended JavaScript frameworks by the developer’s community?
Answer: SPA-based frameworks like Vue, Angular, and React are the best JavaScript frameworks recommended by the developer’s community.

Q 15: Which JS framework is popular?
Answer: React has been the most widely used latest Javascript framework. This bare-bones framework uses functional principles to simplify parallel programming and code comprehension.

Q 16: How many frameworks are in JavaScript?
Answer: There are around 83, each designed to fulfill a specific purpose. Among that the best javascript frameworks are React, Node.js, Angular, Vue.js, and Ember.js.

Q 17: Why are JavaScript frameworks used?
Answer: JavaScript frameworks are integral to modern front-end Web development, providing developers with tried-and-true tools to build scalable, interactive web apps.

Q 18: Which JS framework is best for 2022?
Answer: The best javascript frameworks 2022 include Node.js, React, Polymer, Aurelia, etc.

Q 19: Which JavaScript framework should I use?
Answer: Angular, one of the most powerful JavaScript frameworks and highly efficient, is an open-source framework used to develop Single Page Applications (SPA). It extends HTML and interprets attributes to perform data binding.

You can choose a Javascript framework as per the requirement and scope of your project.

Other most popular frameworks are React, Node.js, Ember.js, and Vue.js

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Key Takeaways

Understanding the different JavaScript frameworks isn’t enough to help you choose. A framework’s popularity might indicate a large ecosystem of developers that can help make learning easier.

Consider where you intend to use the framework. Before choosing a development tool, you should consider the design and features of your app. Then, learn more about the framework’s features and complexities.

It is also essential to understand the most suitable JavaScript framework to suit your needs and the factors to consider when conducting the analysis.

You must have gained a bright idea of all the top JavaScript Frameworks and testing ones right now. Like we discussed above, there is no one do-it-all framework in the market. You need to examine your team’s skills and demands and then choose the ideal one to work with.

JavaScript Framework, when practiced somewhat, can effectively transform the system developers work coding and testing.

If you are a team that is continually bound by rigorous deadlines and back-to-back work, then running with a javascript framework will draw down the power of work and make a website and web app development fun and appealing.

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