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Which Are The Most Popular Programming Languages In 2021?

most popular programming languages
Posted by
Dec 20 2018

Note:- This article is updated on Nov 12 2020. In this particular article, you will discover more about the top 10 most popular programming languages in 2021 for developing the best web applications.

Today, advanced technologies have entered almost every industry. Be it the autopilot in an airplane or digital speedometer in your vehicle, technology in multiple forms surrounds us. New and innovative technology projects are exceedingly valuable for an organization to scale up swiftly.

Technologies are enabled through programming languages, and there are more than 600 programming languages in the technology space. The command and recognition of programming languages swing every year. Also, new programming languages are coming with eye-catching features and functionalities.

Below mentioned top 10 most popular programming languages are in high demand to facilitate software development services as well as web applications.

1. Javascript
2. Python
3. Java
4. C#
5. Swift
6. Typescript
7. Ruby
8. Go
9. PHP
10. C++

These are highly used and the most popular programming languages in 2021. For each, there is required information about the language, advantages, complexities, and usages.

About GitHub and why we are mentioning it here

GitHub is one of the best platforms for sharing code to different stakeholders. To make sure you do this without any stoppage, GitHub offers numerous features and wikis for all categories of technology projects. It backs an entire community where 40+ million professionals discover, share, and work mutually to develop software through different programming languages.

Over 31 million professionals work on GitHub to create remarkable projects jointly across 97+ million repositories. GitHub has made things simpler for programmers and programming teams can now write swifter and enhanced code using features accessed through GitHub.

Here are the most popular programming languages of 2021 as per GitHub. Javascript, Python, and Java are top on the list. We have researched on a diverse range of development forums, discussed with programming specialists, and reviewed Github communities to explore this list.

So, which are the best programming languages? Continue reading to explore the ten most popular programming languages and why you should be utilizing them now.

  1. 1) JavaScript


    It should not come as a revelation when you view JavaScript at the top of almost every up to date list of most used programming languages. All this is because of its constant integrations into the newest open-source projects, and JavaScript has gained enormous growth and maturity. There is more than one steering factor behind this hottest trend of using JavaScript in diverse open source projects.

    With the successful introduction of the infamous Node JS runtime, programmers can facilitate this language in the backend and frontend of the various projects. Additionally, more than 94.9% of all web projects today utilize JavaScript, and it is one of the top programming languages for developers.

    So, it opens up innovations on an everyday basis to build something amazing. Because of these reasons, most developers are accepting JavaScript, once seen as an out of work programming language for new open-source contributions. With a boost in the momentum of receiving JavaScript, it is today considered as one of the most popular programming languages in 2021.

    • Gains from JavaScript
    • Quickness, straightforwardness, interoperability, new features as well as extensive functionalities.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • There were some problems with security measures, client-side scripts, and support interpretations. However, most of these issues are covered-up as of now.

  2. Python

    python programming language

    One of the most popular web programming languages, Python, continues to be amongst the best contributors in the development world. Python, as an inclusive language, can be used in many diverse categories of projects, including but not restricted to building APIs, desktop applications, crawlers, scrapers, backend systems, and much more.

    Python is integrated-up into the latest technologies, including machine learning and data analytics, blended with top-rated plugins and 3rd party libraries. Libraries such as SciPY and Panda are highly prevalent in the industry.

    It is this accessibility of sound 3rd party libraries that make Python one of the most popular programming languages currently.

    • Gains from Python
    • It can come in use for nearly every sort of open source project.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Not entirely suitable for managing projects that need low-level manipulation of solutions and systems.

  3. Java


    One of the most exceptional programming languages for developers, Java, is still applicable to the community like it was years ago. The programming language has retained its position as the most popular and utilized language for many good reasons.

    The JVM (Java Virtual Machine) paradigm used in Java ensures development projects to run virtually on any system. It is high on scalability functionalities as compared to other far-reaching applications.

    With one of the biggest developer community, Java is unquestionably going to keep hold of its position as one of the best programming languages for time to come. The technology industry always pays additional attention to Java programmers. So, developing an innovative open-source application using it will bring you in the face of the limelight. That is why developers and clients choose Java for building their subsequent projects.

    • Gains from Java
    • Effortless to access the essential components like file systems, design elements, graphics, and advanced programs that can run on various operating systems.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Involve new vocabularies to discover and so requires an investment of more time or effort.

  4. C#

    C# programming language

    C# is the best and multi-paradigm programming language utilized for many diverse projects. It offers you the aptitude to expertise any application you desire. Commencing from multi-faceted web APIs to comprehensive desktop applications, C# widens developer’s tool-belt and can help in advancing the open-source community.

    Further, the language is straightforward and contemporary, with the facility to let developers take an object-oriented approach that is missing in C. And it is one of the most used programming languages in the industry.

    • Gains of C#
    • It is quite easy to find all levels of programmers as per the project requirements.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Sometimes, it is difficult to work with C#, as the code requires to be compiled entirely with even small alterations.

  5. Swift

    Swift programming language

    Swift is seeing significant demand in the development industry and going strong in these recent years. The enormous boost experienced by Swift is due to the handiness it provides to open-source programmers. The language used to enable the latest iOS applications; Swift has a lot to deliver related to building high-tech projects.

    The scope of developing iOS apps has contributed significantly to a boost of Swift developers as Apple’s iPhone continues to maintain its position as one of the top smartphones in the present scenario.

    • Gains of Swift
    • It is the most popular programming language to learn and is quite expressive. It assists even the newest developers to facilitate flexible and advanced iOS applications. It is the outlook of Apple’s development projects.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • It offers compact interoperability with third-party tools as well as IDEs. Sometimes, it is unstable with new releases.

  6. Typescript


    It is designed and sustained by Microsoft. It is fundamentally a superset of JavaScript with the extra aptitude for static typing. TypeScript is dimmed fitting to almost each large scale web application and can also assist in building desktop applications, supported by cross-platform frameworks like Electron.

    If you are exploring developing the subsequent generation of web applications and finding JavaScript to be too confusing, you can opt TypeScript for your current projects. TypeScript trims down redundancies related to JavaScript, without any concession with any of its features and functionalities. So, it’s the best programming language to build advanced open source projects that use multiple web components.

    • Gains of TypeScript
    • It comes with tooling support and optional static typing. And can compile down to a version of JavaScript that operates on all browsers.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • It takes more time to compile the code compared to others and doesn’t back abstract classes.

  7. Ruby

    ruby programming language

    One of the highly utilized and top programming languages of this era, Ruby, was created in the mid-90s; however, it gained popularity during the last decade. It is a highly dynamic and object-oriented language and has many features to use for programmers.

    With the introduction of influential web frameworks such as Ruby on Rails and Sinatra, Ruby is in full swing to power most of the new web apps before trailing the focus to JavaScript stacks. Advanced web apps like Github, Goodreads, Airbnb, ASKfm, and Fiverr use ruby with different approaches.

    Ruby is the most popular programming language to be learned if you desire to commence enabling and facilitating big-size open source projects.

    • Gains of Ruby
    • It allows the undemanding and quick development of web applications.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Low runtime, as well as less boot speed, affects performance and stability.

  8. Go Programming Language

    Go Programming Language

    One of the newest programming languages to gain speedy growth, Go is capable of handling some of the toughest computational issues with a comparatively smart approach.

    Go blends all the advantages of C. It is a static typed, assembled language, and has advanced features like garbage collection, structural typing, as well as CSP-style concurrency. The language is natural to learn even for fresh programmers while being exceedingly prevailing at the same time.

    Many most up-to-date open-sources, successful projects have embraced Go programming language for the handiness it provides without missing on needed features. From its present standpoint, Go seems to be the language that will empower most potential development solutions.

    • Gains of Go Programming Language
    • It is compelling with a supportive new community for your advanced projects.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Less flexible, lack useful 3rd party modules, and is short of reusability.

  9. PHP

    PHP Programming Language

    Although it lost its once topmost position as the supreme web programming language, PHP is still one of the most applied programming languages around the world. As there was no web language equivalent to PHP during the internet’s fast growth, PHP enabled almost every modern website until the materialization of new web languages such as Ruby and JavaScript.

    However, with the increasing usage of sites using CMS like WordPress and Drupal, you cannot think PHP is dead. Although experiencing moderately less attention, PHP will persist in advancing for years to come and keep hold of its spot as one of the most popular programming languages.

    When building your next web project, if you are looking for a dynamic programming language that has high-end abilities accurately mixed with robust database manipulation functions, PHP should always be on your chosen list.

    • Gains of PHP
    • Speed up customized development, enable easy maintenance and automate development tasks with a reduction in overall costs.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • Require learning PHP frameworks, on the whole quality, is at variance and are short of preferences to alter core behavior.

  10. C++

    C++ Programming Language

    This programming language leads the way of the modern world’s most utilized programming languages. C++ is not going to be out of work in decades to come. Each complicated system that initiates from the operating system to government mainframes uses C++ in diverse forms.

    Amongst the leading organizations, even Google uses this programming language to enable it is most resource exhaustive operations. As C++ gives programmers access to very low-level system elements out of the box, it is used at the length of embedded systems commonly found around us.

    As advancements in embedded systems such as IoT devices and smartwatches are increasing, C++ is more and more used in different development projects. If you are a developer in this industry, only C++ can assist you in your most probable breakthrough.

    Besides, if you are involved in developing complex open source systems that solve current-day issues, you won’t get anything that provides a superior outcome than C++. And it is even the most popular programming language for a career.

    • Gains of C++
    • It allows the developer with more and superior control as matched to the other languages.

    • Some of the Drawbacks
    • It is a little trickier to learn, explore, and become prolific with it than other languages.

Key Takeaways

This article was the list of current most popular programming languages that are highly used and are famous for their applications. It is not following any specific order instead of a generic list of some most admired programming languages. All these programming languages are the best, and their usages rely on your overall project size and client requirements.

If you have any queries, suggestions, or feedback for this article then you can comment below and ask us. Your responses will be highly appreciated.